8/05/2005

Bushuu Daruma

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Bushuu Daruma from Edo 武州だるま Bushu Daruma
Koshigaya Daruma 越谷だるま


This is a special papermachee Daruma from a store near the temple of Kawasaki Daishi. This Daruma was also called "Daishi Daruma".



武州だるまは江戸時代より大師だるまとして人気があります。
だるまさんは、江戸時代中期それまであった起上り小法師という玩具に、禅宗の高僧である達磨大師が座禅を組んでいる像を模して作られたものです。縁起物の代表格のだるまさんは、どのように作られているのでしょうか.
伝統工芸師  島田 和明さん

On the following link you can see most of the process of making this Daruma. The present maker, Shimada san, is in the 14th generation of making this doll.

The form has to dry.



Now the face is painted.



It takes about one week to finish one doll.

Look at it here with more details:
http://home.netyou.jp/uu/kaiundo/daruma.html


General index of the shop of Shimada san
http://home.netyou.jp/uu/kaiundo/index.html


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- quote -
Doll Making in Saitama
Japanese dolls, traditional crafts well known for their delicate and graceful beauty, are popular souvenirs for overseas travelers. Did you know that nearly half the number of Japanese dolls sold in Japan are manufactured in Saitama?

The production of dolls has been going on since long ago in Saitama, which has been blessed with plentiful paulownia wood as material for dolls and water of good quality to dissolve the white pigment used to paint dolls.
Dolls are produced in Iwatsuki, Kounosu, Tokorozawa, and Koshigawa in Saitama, among which Iwatsuki and Kounosu are the largest production areas; dolls produced in these areas are famous nationwide. The main streets in town are lined with doll manufacturers, which look as if they were doll-dedicated streets. People visiting these places will find that each store is crammed with dolls manufactured by artisans who put their hearts and souls into their creation.
Iwatsuki and Kounosu are famous for their dolls' festivals as well including the Bikkuri Hina Matsuri (lit. Surprise Japanese Doll Festival), which features Japan's highest tiered doll stand, and the Iwatsuki Festival, which features pleasant Manto Mikoshi (a lighted portable shrine) and doll costume parades.
The two areas of production hold these doll-related festivals to boost the production of traditional dolls in Saitama.
- source : sainokuni-kanko.jp -


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Bushuu Daruma is also a type that comes from Koshigaya in Saitama prefecture.
越谷だるま(武州だるま)Koshigaya Daruma.
The one on the left in the picture below.

Koshigaya goshiki Daruma 越谷五色だるま
in five colors (the small ones)



The belly had no inscription in the older days, but now the character for good luck, FUKU, 福, is inscribed.
http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~SA9S-HND/agal-928-1.html

... Fuji Musume 藤娘
... Benkei 釣鐘弁慶



Osato daruma 大里だるま

Ukiya no goshiki Daruma 浮谷 五色だるま
(from Saitama town)

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Koshigaya Daruma 越谷だるま



In the last few years, the production has risen to more than 50000 pieces a year, mostly sold at the great Daruma fairs in Kawasaki, Shibamata Taishaku and other markets around Tokyo. But this Daruma is loved from Hokkaido to Kyushu by all Japanese.

だるまは、江戸時代の中期「起きあがり小法師」という縁起物に中国禅僧の祖、達磨大師を描いたのが始まりといわれ、子供の疱瘡除け・開運・厄除け・商売繁盛の縁起ものとして長く親しまれてきました。越谷近辺で生産されるだるまは年間50万個を数え、川崎大師・柴又帝釈天など関東一円をはじめとして、北海道から九州まで広く「越谷だるま」の名で親しまれています。



http://www.koshigaya-sci.or.jp/kanko/c13-1.html



White Daruma from Koshigaya
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. Koshigaya Daruma as a flower vase
kabin Daruma 花瓶ダルマ .

DARMA Formless FormlessDesign
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hi no yoojin 火の用心 take care of fire
Big Daruma in front of Koshigaya Fire Department


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Sunahara hariko 砂原張子 papermachee dolls from Sunahara


CLICK for more photos !

Apart from Daruma dolls there are foxes, Tengu masks, and many others.
Many are sold at the local shrine festival of
Musashi DairokuTen Jinja  武蔵第六天神社 in Iwatsuki.

. Dairoku TenJin Sha 第六天神社 Hanno town .




Sunahara Kitsune Hariko 砂原狐張子 Fox papermachee doll


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neri ningyoo form Koonosu Town 練り人形
鴻巣市・越谷市)


source : narumi/clinic/gangu

tsukune ningyoo 捏(つく)ね人形
made from forming clay into doll forms.


Reference : 練り人形 photos


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Hagino San, another Daruma Maker in Koshigaya



His Daruma are more white and the nose is more protruding. He makes Daruma together with his mother and his wife.

七転び八起きの縁起のよさで知られるユーモラスな守護神“だるま”。越谷近辺で生産されるだるまは、年間50万個を数え、「越谷だるま」の名で広く親しまれています。
今回訪問した荻野ダルマ製作所(越谷市北越谷4-9-31。電048・974・8531)でも、伝統を受け継いだ職人の“技”が光っていました。

ほかの産地のものに比べ、色が白く鼻がやや高い、上品で優しい顔立ちが特色。型取りから下張り、ひげ描きまですべて手作業で行われています。「描く人によって表情が違うので、自分で描いたものは、どこにあってもわかりますよ」と同製作所の荻野芳雄さん。  

荻野さんは、越谷でだるまの製造を営む家に生まれ伝統工芸士に。現在は、荻野さん、お母さん、奥さんの3人で受け継いだ伝統に新しい工夫を加えながら、だるま作りに日夜励んでいます。  
http://www.shopper.jp/local/newsspec.cfm?article_id=6107&shopper_newspaper_id=11

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Japanese Link about the Daruma from Saitama Prefecture,
including the ones mentioned above.

埼玉県知事指定伝統的手工芸品

越谷だるまは他の産地のだるま等に比較して、色が白く、鼻がやや高く、上品で優しい顔立ちが特色です。だるま作りには、型取りから下張り、ひげ描きまでいくつかの手作業での工程があります。 なかでもだるまの生命ともいえるひげ描きには穂先の長い面相筆を使い、大小にかかわらず同じ筆で描きます。そのせいか、だるま一つ一つみな表情が異なり、個性的です。
昔は、ほとんどが農業の副業として作られていましたが、現在は、家業として伝承しています、最近は若い後継者も多く伝統をうけつぎ日夜だるまの作りに励んでいます。
http://www.koshigaya-sightseeing.jp/yurai-d.html

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Funado Daruma 船渡だるま from Funado town
. . . also read as
Funawatashi 船渡の張り子 Funawatashi papermachee dolls



Funado Hariko dolls 船渡張り子, made in Koshigaya town since the Meiji time. They also made foxes, Tengu and tigers.



source : asahi-net.or.jp

tako sanbasoo 蛸三番叟 tako sanba 蛸三番
octopus dancing the Sanbaso


. Sanbasoo 三番叟 Sanbaso Dancer .
- Introduction -
Sanbaso is an auspicious dance, often performed during the New Year season.

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A link with pictues from Shimodate, where the Bushuu Daruma are burned in an official ceremony on the 15th of January, dondo-yaki ドンと焼き



商売繁盛、開運出世を新祈願。大町通りは、午前10時から歩行者天
国となり、高崎だるま・埼玉武州だるまを売る25からの露天商をはじめ、植木の苗なども販売され、多くの人々で午後6時まで賑わいます。

小正月、子どもたちは町内を回って門松やしめ縄、だるまなどを集め、広場の御神木に積み上げます。
あたりが暗くなったころ、これに火をつけ棒先の餅を焔にかざして焼き食べます。

http://www.city.chikusei.lg.jp/k_s_info/kankou/shimodate/highlight/highlight23/daruma.html

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Read my story about
Kukai, Kobo Daishi 弘法大師 空海 (Kuukai, Kooboo Daishi)


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. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .


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1 comment:

sakuo said...

どうして関東には達磨が多く作られるのでしょうか?
ず~と気になっています。
東京に住み、商売で関東を歩くことが多かったので、気になります。

sakuo